Neurosurgeons diagnose and surgically treat diseases and disorders of the brain, spine and other parts of the nervous system (nerves throughout the body).

Patients may be referred to a neurosurgeon if you have chronic pain, injuries of the head or spine, brain or spinal tumors, pinched nerves in the neck, low back pain, sciatica (tingling, numbness or muscle weakness down the back of the legs), degenerative or congenital spine diseases (such as spinal stenosis or spina bifida), carpal tunnel syndrome, epilepsy, stroke, and problems with arteries that carry blood from the heart to the brain.